|Azazel, in another time and place, was known as Venus Hesperus. Public domain file via Wikimedia Commons.|
I can easily say, both parts of this article (Part I and Part II) were challenging beyond belief to write. They were written within this most perplexing time within modern history (Covid-19!?). Also, there are many names, various historical settings, past and present visions involved, and historical references to review to see if my impressions of visions ring true, and so on. Above all though, if one hasn't yet looked deeply into this specific topic, they may not comprehend how the avatars of these beings (Lucifer and those around him) are so consistently repeated throughout mythology. It's nearly unfathomable how they are shades of the same. There was something I learnt during this, that I've been sworn by spirit not to divulge; hence I excitedly urge other magicians to excavate this topic, and hope for them to make discoveries of their own.
Upon reading the whole thing from beginning to end, you may find that some points vaguely or even outrightly conflict. My response to anyone saying that, is this--not everything can be seen from the same perspective at all times; and as well, there are multiple dimensions in our universe. Beyond that, it is what it is. Take from it what you can, leave what doesn't resonate. What most will gain from this article, I believe, is the knowing that Lucifer is far more complex of a being than they imagined possible.
This article is not entirely about Lucifer like part one, but is more about the beings around him and his relativity to them.
by Amethyst Black
Who was Lucifer in Greek and Roman Mythology? Did He Have Family?
As discussed in Part 1, Lucifer is Phosphorus. Within Greek mythology, Phosphorus's mother was Eos (Roman, Aurora), the Goddess of Dawn; her consort and Phosphorus's father, was Astraeus the God of Dusk. Lucifer as Phosphorus was half brother to Hesperus (Roman, Vesper), known to the modern magician as Azazel; Hesperus's father was a mortal by the name of Cephalus. Within Roman mythology, Phosphorus is an aspect of Vesper--meaning to say that they were not identified separately.
Daedalion is a complex being, and has sub aspects that intertwine with the streams of Kali, and also Caim (aka Cain); and given that Caim links to each of kings David and Solomon, Daedalion does also. Now jumping over to Wiccanism for a moment, Lucifer had a daughter, Aradia, by Hekate (aka Diana Lucifera, or Diana the illuminator); and this myth arose, as did others from within Wicca, from Charles Godfrey Leland's 'Aradia, or the Gospel of Witches,' 1899. Leland did not write the book; the text was passed over to him by a sorcerer-witch he'd met. Leland believed that the text of the book originally belonged to an olden witchcraft sect from western Italy. However, others suggest that the text was entirely fictitious, or was folklore based.
Aradia, is an anglicized version of the Italian name 'Erodiade'; and in Italian mythology during times long before Leland's book--from the early middle ages on, there were beings with it and similar names; they were considered avatars of Diana, hence Aradia was not only born of Diana Lucifera, but actually was her in another way. Aradia herself was depicted as a Saint-like figure, who gifted the lower castes with magickal arts, thus enabling them to forge better lives.
Phosphorus had two daughters with no cited mother, Stilbe and Leuconoe. Little information can be found on either; but Stilbe is syncretic with Blodeuwedd, and Leuconoe is syncretic with Lleu Llaw Gyffes, who is male. For the record, within Welsh mythology the two married; while Lleu was away Blodeuwedd had an affair and subsequently conspired to have Lleu killed. He survived, but he slew her love, Gronw Pebr. Goetic demonolators know Gronw as Ronwe.
Some references cite Hesperus as having been father to the Hesperides; and though this was breaking away from more mainstream themes (perhaps brought in to band-aid new storylines), it is still part of his stream, hence is no less true. Now, making sure you don't become confused with how this all fits, we began discussing Lucifer-the-Greek-god's offspring, then looked at his offspring through the eyes of Wicca and also Welsh mythology. There is one more child--he had a daughter with Lilith; her name was Naamah. I won't say much about her here, but she was cited in some accounts of mythology as mother to Asmodeus, with his father being Shamdon.
Now, here's why I really didn't want to touch on this whole discussing Naamah thing--in some accounts she was Asmodeus's mother, but in others was his consort. However, it is possible that Agrat Bat Mahlat was actually Asmodeus's mother. Naamah is also another aspect of Lilith.
Sidenote: It's extremely coincidental that alternative avatars attributed to entities so far, resemble their current name in some way. This is not typically the case.
Self Birthed, Again
In Part 1 there were multiple examples of Lucifer and Azazel being self birthed, and here is yet another. Phosphorus and Hesperus are lower octaves of their parents (given that they are each gods of dusk and dawn). Why would gods of dusk and dawn birth themselves as lower octaves of the same? The parents as primordial beings are distant; so in birthing themselves anew they move closer to mankind--them henceforth at Yesod--and are able to assist us more effectively.
One needs to be very clear in meditating these matters. For example, Lucifer agrees that he is Phosphorus, but says that Phosphorus is not Lucifer. He also states that Azazel is Hesperus, but Hesperus is not Azazel. To clarify, these terms mean for example, that Hesperus is an avatar of Azazel, but Azazel is not an avatar of Hesperus. How does it apply? If you are dealing with Azazel, he has alternate avatars that include Hesperus. However, if you are dealing with Hesperus, any alternate avatars he has, do not include Azazel. It goes to show, that one has to be aware and observant when communicating and otherwise working with spirit.
The Morningstar, or Is It Evening Star?
Each term refers to one aspect of a larger dual aspected being, that personifies Venus. In ancient times the planet Venus's two aspects were viewed as being separate celestial objects, and later on they were seen as one. For this, two entities that would have otherwise been one, represent said planet. The Babylonians were amongst the earlier civilizations to see morning and evening Venus as being the same planet, but it took Greek civilization a while to join the dots, as it were.
Sidenote: In some civilizations, Venus was the morningstar and Sirius was the evening star.
Now, this next concept requires a delicate touch to convey correctly... as touched upon, Phosphorus and Hesperus, are a dual aspected being. When they are, they tell me they are properly Aphrodite. Why? because when Venus was discovered to be one planet, that name and entity personified it. However, the term Hesperus is also used to describe Venus as both morning and evening star--not because it's correct, but through common usage. Hence given that our thoughts and beliefs fuel and shape things on some level, they convey that it's relatively true to say that Azazel contains Lucifer, but it is a weak statement to say that Lucifer contains Azazel. It is the strongest statement to say that Aphrodite contains both Lucifer and Azazel, because whether we believe it or not, it is so.
Additionally, given that Ashtoreth and Aphrodite are avatars of each other, Ashtoreth can stand in place of Aphrodite in many contexts, but not in all. As Ashtoreth relates to this topic though, she may represent Venus as a whole, because it was one of her roles to rule over it (as perceived in the Levant and Eastern Semitic civilizations of yore). In that sense, Lucifer and Azazel are sub aspects of her, rather than her equals within a tri-aspected being.
"Lucifer can be dual aspected or even tri or quad-aspected when including Aphrodite and/or Ashtoreth, (and others can be present in place of any of them)."
Note, that when viewed as a dual aspected being, both Lucifer and Azazel may be parents to the same offspring; hence you may read that Hesperus/Azazel is Daedalion and Ceyx's father; however, given that Azazel contains Lucifer but it's not as true that Lucifer contains Azazel, it would not be correct to say that Lucifer could be father to the Hesperides. ...and, gosh, it's bizarre to say that.
An interesting point on Daedalion, was that upon the death of his daughter Chione, he was turned into a falcon (some say hawk), by Apollo. This suggests that when I see Lucifer turn into Horus, he actually becomes Dantalion/Horus. This underscores the idea of at least some entities being transitional, like planets.
There were other brothers to Hesperus and Phosphorus; together the Astra Planeta (wandering stars or planets) were: Eosphorus (Venus [Agares]), Phaethon (Jupiter [Amon]), Phainon (Saturn [Beelzebul]), Pyroeis (Mars [Vine]), and Stilbon (Mercury [Gusion]). The Goetic assignations are not concrete, and seem transitional. It was conveyed to me that some Goetic spirits are octaves of others, and that this point combined with transitions, are ongoing phenomena which must be considered as one works to assess hierarchy.
Is There Support to the Theory that Azazel is Hesperus?
Yes. A point that was touched upon in part one needs to be dredged up again to explain it though. Azazel is understood to be Aziz, aka Azizu (Palmyrene). Azizu traveled along with Arsu. In that context, Arsu was the morningstar and Azizu was the evening star (Hesperus). I remind you too, that the same description applies to Shahar and Shalim; they are different names/descriptions for the same beings, but as worshiped in different regions.
More on These Entities as Twins:
Arsu is Lucifer, Aphrodite, and also Paimon.
Azizu is Azazel, Ashtoreth, also Paimon.
Shahar is Arsu, Lucifer, Aphrodite, and also Paimon.
Shalim is Azizu, Azazel, Ashtoreth, also Paimon.
In this sub-section, we are observing these beings as twins.
It's worthy of consideration that Venus as the morningstar is traditionally male, and as the evening star, female. In some contexts though, such gender attributions simply do not fit--such as with Lucifer (androgynous) being morningstar and Azazel (male) evening star. Each of the entities named above, has been seen as morningstar and evening star; hence the only differences between them are the elements of their respective histories that are not shared. That may sound stupidly redundant of a statement; but my point is, that they have been overlapped so many times throughout various mythologies, there is a core identity that belongs to each of them (and also others outside of the twin sets, including but not limited to, Attar, Ruda, and Resheph).
Other names for Arsu when viewed as a twin, include Monimos, Munim, and Pollux. Another name for Azazel in twin context, is Castor.
This information, though a lot to digest, is necessary to gain clear understanding of Lucifer.
|Aphrodite is a personification of Venus in its entirety.|
Wikimedia Commons image, by CC 2.5. Author, Sting.
Lucifer as a Female
Lucifer has demonstrated numerous times, by the way, that in Egyptian mythology, he is Horus (you will see later on, that he also has a lower octave in Sopdu).
Aphrodite, but one example of: Horus, Aphrodite and Lucifer; a tri-aspected being. The whole is Aphrodite. In this context they can be seen as, well imagine the Fleur de Lys... two outer leaves, one inner. On one side is Lucifer, on the other, Horus; in this sense they represent light and dark, passivity and will (think Hoor paar kraat compared against Ra Hoor Khu--passive is strategic and enlightened; hence is another way to be strong), also many other dichotomous contrasts. In the center is Aphrodite, who is love, but also a tempering factor to dualities.
There are a wide array of female deities Lucifer relates to when considered to be dual aspected and inclusive of Azazel. We won't venture far in this direction, but one example deity that immediately jumps to mind, is Al Uzza, whom we will soon consider.
Speaking of Azazel, and this is going off on a wee tangent, but he can be linked to Isis as well. In an Eastern African culture and dialect, Kalenjiin, the name of Isis is Asiis, and is understood to be Aziz/Azazel in another way. Reference: 'Isis and Asiis: Eastern Africa's Kalenjiin People and their Pharaonic Origin Legend: A Comparative Study'; by Kipkoeech Araap Sambu.
More than once through mythology, Samael's stream has overlapped Azazel's. In the Zohar, the being referred to as Samael, further in is referred to as Azazel. This name changeover has been described as an error in translation. However, as mentioned in Part 1 of this article, once thought, written, or believed, it's so. Hence whether it was written as truth or in error really makes no difference. Additionally, Shemyaza, the mysterious and powerful dark angel who 'knows the name,' is another face of Uzza/Azazel.
Uzza is also a face of Abezethibou, whose name was used interchangeably with those of Samael and Mastema in ancient Judaic mythology.
|Al Lat, Manat, and Al Uzza|
Public domain image, via Wikimedia Commons
This next little bit was written from gnosis, then was removed due to how it makes me feel as far as consistency with the rest of the piece goes. I subsequently asked if it was okay that it was removed; and Metatron said it should be returned. Hence:
(Al)Uzza was often part of a triumvirate, alongside Al Lat and Manat. Nothing you'll find upon research may support parts of what will be said, but Al Lat is a face of Horus, combined with his female aspects, Hathoor and Sekhmet; remember that Horus is Lucifer in another way. Manat is a face of Metatron, who is genderless. Al Uzza is Lucifer, Aphrodite, Azazel and Ashtoreth (and in other contexts, others mentioned elsewhere in this two part article set; I'd gladly compile them for you, but repetition is such a drag to read). Like many of the beings around them, their streams overlap significantly.
Concerning relativity between Al Uzza, Samael, and Metatron.
Restating a point: Samael and Azazel are faces of Metatron in some contexts. Some of you are probably wondering why it says here that they are avatars of Metatron, instead of the other way around (an LHP perspective?). I'll offer this--Metatron is known as the lesser YHVH. One of his names identifies him/her as Shekinah, the female aspect of creator, or of creation if you prefer. Metatron told me that (s)he is Primeumatron. Read that again, the specific spelling (the 'r' is not a typo). Yes, he is the great mother, but is not limited to that. As a matter of fact, he has an avatar in Michael Archangel as well.
Back to the main topic now... Uzza is about power, and within mythology can also be viewed as a garden; hence 'the garden of power,' as the name is derived from 'Aziz', meaning rugged and powerful. Aside from the name, how is Uzza suggestive of power? Well, we have an idea now of how powerful Metatron and Lucifer are, but as well, in Gnosticism, Yaldabaoth/Saklas/Samael, is the demiurge; apart from that he is seen by many as the head of demons. Each of the beings mentioned and also their female avatars, reside within the garden of Uzza; ergo its a setting rife with power. And, while speaking of these most powerful demons; rather than consistently add their counterpart's names to the pot, such as in this case, Ashtoreth, Aphrodite, and Lilith, etc., suffice it to say that when their absence is felt, the intent is always that they are included. Point being--there are too many names in use already.
As Ashtoreth Descending
Some say that Ashtoreth descending, is in fact Lucifer. We've already covered that Ashtoreth and Lucifer are aspects of a greater being, but he's specifically seen as her descending now. What does the phrase mean? ... in Canaanite mythology, at the conclusion of each fall season the god Baal traversed down to the underworld, and his descent was seen as death; the earth's failure to produce crops during the winter was also seen as death. Ashtoreth was seen as a goddess of both sensuality and fecundity. She made her descent to romance with Baal, and in that, life would be restored in the springtime. The practice was not limited to the gods; their followers mimicked their interactions in rites to honor them. It would be remiss not to point out, that in that time the rites of those people were by today's standards somewhat savage, and would involve not only the immolation of children but also jaunts with sacred rented women in worship groves (sigh, must be careful of wording on Blogger). However, they were not the only culture to do such things; they were though, one of the later cultures still doing them. This gives hint as to why the female face of God was written out of the bible.
Yahweh had a female aspect, Asherah, who contextually aligns with Ashtoreth. It's hard to understand why the rites ancient Canaanites used to honor her, would have anything to do with her being banished from some lineages of belief. Man is a sensual being, and in that civilization and at that time it was acceptable to immolate children (regardless of that it is very wrong today!). If those ways were not acceptable as a facet of anyone's God, they rightfully should have chosen a more appropriate God to them, or given his female aspect a different face. Yet at the same time it was okay that women and children were oppressed in very real ways by Yahweh (again, carefully worded due to Google's TOU), and that animals were sacrificed to him.
As the above was written, there was a very strong impression coming through, that Asherah was used at times as a means to move forth from an unwanted pregnancy. Today we have sophisticated means by which to terminate pregnancy. Maybe they had primitive solutions, but what about after the child was born? To do what they did may have seemed like a viable solution. Not acceptable to us, but it seems that they were still emerging from a 'hunter gatherer' mentality.
Note: I used the name Yahweh where others would use the word Baal. Why? because in my impression, all of the higher God figures that came from that general area of the world, were variations that emerged from an earlier impression of a higher God. Hence, that I was referring to Abrahamic faiths, it was more appropriate to use the name Yahweh. But for later evolutionary observations and semanticist arguments, Yahweh and Baal are one.
By the way, did you know that in Sumerian lore, one of Ashtoreth's powers was the ability to turn men into women and women into men? Today there is more blending of sexual identities than ever before, and some believe it's the age of Lucifer. Well, it is the age of Horus (per Thelema). And given that both Ashtoreth and Horus are faces of Lucifer, it makes sense. (Maybe the concept would need to be viewed in a different way to make complete sense though--as Lucifer/Ashtoreth descending to our dying Earth during our age...?). Within this it appears that it is a necessity for the sexes to understand each other more--even if it means each taking on attributes of the other in order to do that. A bit of a ramble there; it was placed for a reason--offering something to mull over, but only for those who wish to observe it.
One point was purposely omitted to keep the above explanation simple. However looking back it should be observed, because it is so very pertinent to these specific times--that the Aeon of Horus is believed by some to end in a cleanup of civilization. In that context, Horus finds what still requires removal in order for our world to improve and ascend, calls Set in, and Set does whatever needs be done to break down the remnants of the old Aeon (of Osiris); this allows for the new aeon to be rung in. If I shoved this in with the above... well I did try and it was a riot.
As the Devil
As is light, darkness is a definite part of Lucifer; if one chooses to work with his dark side, it's certainly there and waiting. At the same time a being with light and dark aspects is not a Devil, but rather, a being with both necessary aspects of a duality. He's an excellent choice of demons to work with, no matter what the nature of a task may be.
As a Fallen Angel
Whereas some see Lucifer as being a fallen angel, others do not relate him to the bible; hence he does not fit that description for them. Lucifer being described as a fallen angel, in a sense depicts the Qabalistic breaking of the vessels and the events surrounding it. When the vessels broke due to being incapable of containing unlimited divine light, the universe had to restructure. In this, Lucifer moved from Kether to Yesod. While the bible interprets this as being a fall and a disgrace, others view it as Lucifer being moved into a position to help and guide mankind.
There is no one face of Luciferianism; within it lie a range of traditions and practices. There are those who regard Lucifer in their own way, either as a deity or a demon; this is typically from a Left Hand Path perspective, hence the main thing is to honor him rather than to follow a set tradition. Some perceive a hierarchy in line with a particular view of Gnosticism, where Lucifer is God and Satan is the demiurge; however, Lucifer can instead be placed as the demiurge with another as God.
He is by some regarded from a perspective of demonolatry rather than Gnosticism, in which case the demonolator leans towards knowing about Lucifer through he himself; some conduct magick empowered by him. Though the typical Luciferian celebrates him in their own way, sans dogma; there are temples honoring him, that do offer set teachings. However, they are not like mainstream churches, as their structure is designed to encourage participation in various occult and magickal practices, including awareness and spiritual growth.
At the Vatican
There has long been a statue of Lucifer at the Vatican. I do not know the facts of the statue, and the claims one commonly comes across, vary. Some say that it is there to depict Jesus rising from chains, others say that the Vatican makes little attempt to cover the reality of it being Lucifer. Regardless of what anyone says, it's there and is obviously Lucifer.
As broached upon in part 1 of this two part set, Lucifer is a face of Baal, and in that he is a face of every aspect of Baal. One of Baal's aspects was Baal Zevuv, which is Beelzebul, or Beelzebub. Ergo Lucifer is a face of Beelzebub.
Triumvirate: Lucifer, Ashtoreth, and Beelzebul
As per my own gnosis, Lucifer, Ashtoreth and Beelzebul, are together a trinity. When this trio is combined, they are a dynamic force that moves through Hod, Netzach, and Yesod; in this way they are a face of universal wisdom, doing divine work. Together they respond to calls from those removed from comfort, or perhaps it's clearer to say, suffering hardship of some kind. Each one has its own resolve to help someone recover. To call upon them, meditate them as a trinity and let their names filter through.
Yet Another Triumvirate: Lucifer is part of a powerful triumvirate apart from what's been mentioned so far (I added in the word powerful because all triumvirates are powerful). He did not want the precise nature of the triumvirate divulged--he said it is for those who seek the knowledge. The knowledge that hints on how to discover said triumvirate, is within this article, and is not complicated at all. The most powerful trinities are comprised of the Sun, Moon, and Venus.
As Jesus's Brother
Some lineages within Abrahamic faiths, regard Jesus and Lucifer as brothers; but not necessarily as kin. It's viewed as that God is the father of all; hence they are brothers.
|Sopdu, yet another of the many faces of Lucifer.|
Wikimedia Commons by CC 2.0. Author, Woodsboy2011
Deities Relative to Sirius
It was mentioned earlier in this post, that Sirius in some contexts, is seen as the evening star. The Egyptian deity Sopdet is the embodiment of Sirius. Sopdet is mother to the planet Venus, symbolized by her son, Sopdu. Sopdu thusly relates to Horus and Lucifer. Sopdet/Sirius is consort to Orion/Sah (aka Sha). They as a trio are equated with Isis, Osiris, and Horus. Sirius can also be personified as Hekate, Cerberus; Atlas's daughter, Maera; Europa's dog, Lailaps; and Anubis. Sirius is the Dog Star, hence there are some dogs and dog handlers associated with it.
Even with all this said about Lucifer and those who parallel him, there is so much more. There are especially more tasty tidbits to share on Lord Azazel, and for that, hopefully in the not too distant future we can take an in depth look at him.